The Future of Search and Rescue

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The drone threads its way through the disaster area, beneath ceilings and power lines, through narrow corridors, sewer pipes and hallways. Bodies and survivors lie under rubble. When it’s not feeling its way through tight confines, there’s wind to contend with.

Pilot Ryan Davis flies the drone quickly and smoothly. There are no halting or jerky movements.

At each potential location of a survivor, Davis lands and switches on the infrared camera to look for a survivor’s heat signature. The drone doesn’t spend more than 20 seconds at each spot. Then he heads into the sewer pipes.

“Oh boy, look at that,” says an onlooker. “That’s great.”

The disaster area was a gym on Arizona State University’s Tempe campus. Davis is a senior majoring in aerospace engineering. The onlooker was an industry representative, and the event was the finale of the Innovation Challenge, a competition between student teams to design and showcase a drone system to help rescuers find survivors in a disaster environment.

Read More: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Office Opens At EIA

The competition was hosted by ASU’s Research Enterprise, a nonprofit arm of the university that connects applied research and development with the Department of Defense, federal agencies and the intelligence community. Industry representatives came from the U.S. Navy, Boeing, Raytheon, the Arizona Department of Emergency Management, and the National Counterterrorism Center, among other others.

Last fall 18 teams were awarded $3,000 each to design their systems. Two design reviews from academic, industry and government reps narrowed the list to eight.

The drone systems had to hit some marks. Real-time video was required. The system had to be a small, lightweight air vehicle so it didn’t overburden teams already humping a lot of gear. It had to be rugged enough to operate in harsh conditions. First responders won’t have time for extended training, so the system needed to be simple to learn, operate and maintain. They had to fly for at least 15 minutes at a time. Continue reading about students drone teams wowing government and industry.





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